WAEC 2023 - CIVIC EDUCATION ANSWER
WAEC 2023 - CIVIC EDUCATION ANSWER
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Civic education equips individuals with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to become active and informed citizens.
(ii) Civic education is vital for the functioning and strengthening of democratic systems. It helps individuals understand the importance of democratic values.
(iii) Civic education promotes social cohesion by fostering a sense of shared identity, values, and goals within a diverse society.
(iv) Civic education encourages individuals to actively engage in their communities and take responsibility for addressing social issues.
(v) Civic education instills values such as respect, tolerance, integrity, and social responsibility. It helps individuals develop an ethical framework that guides their behavior and decision-making.
(vi) Civic education prepares individuals to be active participants in the global community. It promotes understanding of global issues, cultural diversity, and interdependence.
(vii) Civic education equips individuals with a global perspective, enabling them to understand global challenges, interconnections, and their responsibilities as global citizens.
(viii) Civic education emphasizes the value of diversity, promoting respect for different cultures, beliefs, and identities. It encourages dialogue, understanding, and appreciation of diverse perspectives.
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Fostering Civic Knowledge and Understanding: Citizenship education equips individuals with knowledge and understanding of their country's history, political systems, institutions, and cultural heritage.
(ii) Developing Civic Skills and Competencies: Citizenship education cultivates essential civic skills and competencies, such as critical thinking, problem-solving, effective communication, and collaboration.
(iii) Promoting Active Citizenship and Civic Engagement: Citizenship education encourages active participation in civic and community affairs. It promotes a sense of responsibility and empowers individuals
(iv) Instilling Values and Ethical Behavior: Citizenship education helps instill values such as respect, tolerance, empathy, and integrity. These values promote social cohesion, cooperation, and ethical behavior among citizens.
(v) Cultivating National Identity and Unity: Citizenship education plays a vital role in cultivating a sense of national identity and unity. It helps citizens develop a shared understanding of their nation's heritage, symbols, traditions, and aspirations.
(vi) Enhancing Democratic Participation: Citizenship education is closely linked to democratic participation. It educates individuals about their rights, responsibilities, and the importance of participating in democratic processes, such as voting etc
(vii) Building Social Cohesion and Understanding: Citizenship education promotes social cohesion by encouraging citizens to appreciate and embrace the diversity within their nation.It emphasizes the importance of understanding and respecting different cultures, religions, and perspectives.
(PICK ANY ONE)
Inter-communal relationship can be defined as interactions, connections, and dynamics between different communities or groups of people within a specific geographical area.
Inter-communal relationships refer to the interactions, connections, and bonds between different communities or ethnic groups within a specific geographical area.
Inter-communal relationships refer to connections and interactions between different communities or groups within a society.
Inter-communal relationships refer to the interactions and connections,between different communities or groups within a larger society.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Cultural Exchange: Inter-communal relationships facilitate cultural exchange, allowing communities to learn from one another's traditions, customs, and practices. This promotes cultural diversity, appreciation, and inclusivity, which are essential for community development and nation-building.
(ii) Social Integration: Inter-communal relationships encourage social integration by bringing people from different communities together. This creates mutual understanding, tolerance, and empathy among individuals, leading to harmonious coexistence and collective progress.
(iii) Knowledge Sharing: Inter-communal relationships create opportunities for the sharing of knowledge, experiences, and expertise. Communities can learn from each other's successes, challenges, and innovative approaches to address common issues such as healthcare, education, infrastructure, and agriculture.
(iv) Economic Cooperation: Collaborative economic initiatives between communities foster growth and development. Inter-communal trade, investment, and entrepreneurship create job opportunities, boost local economies, and contribute to poverty reduction and increased standard of living.
(v) Infrastructure Development: Inter-communal relationships can lead to joint efforts in infrastructure development. Communities can pool resources, share costs, and work together to build roads, bridges, schools, hospitals, and other essential facilities that benefit multiple communities.
(vi) Conflict Resolution: Inter-communal relationships provide a platform for peaceful dialogue and conflict resolution. By promoting dialogue, understanding, and mediation, communities can resolve conflicts, reduce tensions, and prevent violence, fostering stability and development.
(vii) Environmental Conservation: Collaborative efforts among communities promote environmental conservation. Sharing knowledge and resources enables communities to address environmental challenges, protect natural resources, and implement sustainable practices for the benefit of all.
(viii) Political Engagement: Inter-communal relationships encourage active participation in political processes. When communities engage in dialogue and collaboration, they can collectively address issues, advocate for their needs, and influence policies that promote community development and social justice.
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)
(ii) Nigeria Police Force (NPF)
(iii) Nigerian Customs Service (NCS)
(iv) Department of State Services (DSS)
(v) Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps
(PICK ANY SIX)
(i) Failure to follow medical advice can lead to the progression or worsening of the underlying medical condition.
(ii) Non-adherence can render the prescribed treatment ineffective, leading to inadequate symptom control or disease management.
(iii) Ignoring medical advice can increase the risk of complications and secondary infections. This can prolong the recovery process, worsen symptoms, and even lead to life-threatening situations.
(iv) Non-adherence to preventive measures, such as vaccination or isolation protocols for contagious diseases, can facilitate the spread of infections within the community.
(v) Non-adherence can lead to prolonged illness or the need for more intensive medical interventions, which can result in increased healthcare costs for individuals and society as a whole.
(vi) Inappropriate use or premature discontinuation of antibiotics can contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance.
(vii) When patients consistently disregard medical advice, it can reduce trust in healthcare professionals and the healthcare system overall.
(viii) Non-adherence to public health recommendations, such as social distancing or wearing masks during a pandemic, can undermine efforts to control the spread of diseases.
(PICK ANY SIX)
(i) Violence and Criminal Activities: Cultism often involves the use of violence, intimidation, and criminal activities such as robbery, kidnapping, drug trafficking, and extortion.
(ii) Loss of Lives and Property: Cult clashes and rivalries can result in frequent clashes between different cult groups, leading to loss of lives and destruction of property.
(iii) Breakdown of Law and Order: Cultism undermines the rule of law by creating a parallel system of authority and justice.
(iv) Social Instability: Cult activities can disrupt social harmony and stability within communities.
(v) Exploitation: Cults often employ deceptive tactics to recruit vulnerable individuals, particularly young people.
(vi) Erosion of Ethical Values: Cults often promote ideologies that contradict societal norms and ethical values.
(vii) Academic Disruption: Cultism frequently infiltrates educational institutions, leading to the disruption of academic activities.
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) High levels of poverty, unemployment, and inequality create an environment where vulnerable individuals are more likely to be recruited into cults.
(ii) Inadequate resources, corruption, and a lack of proper training and coordination among law enforcement agencies can hamper their ability to effectively combat cult activities.
(iii) One significant hindrance to eradicating cultism in Nigeria is the lack of effective law enforcement.
(iv) Limited public awareness and understanding of the dangers and consequences of cultism can hinder eradication efforts.
(v) Cults employ sophisticated techniques of manipulation and indoctrination to control their members' thoughts, beliefs, and actions
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Policy Development and Implementation: Public servants play a crucial role in developing policies and strategies to address societal issues and achieve national goals. They research, analyze, and make recommendations to policymakers, and then implement approved policies, monitoring their progress and making adjustments as needed.
(ii) Service Delivery: Public servants are responsible for delivering public services to citizens. This includes providing healthcare, education, transportation, infrastructure development, social welfare programs, and more. They work to ensure these services are accessible, efficient, and of high quality.
(iii) Regulation and Compliance: Public servants enforce regulations and ensure compliance with laws and standards. They oversee sectors such as finance, commerce, health, and the environment, developing and implementing regulations, conducting inspections, and taking enforcement actions when necessary.
(iv) Budgeting and Financial Management: Public servants are involved in the formulation and execution of government budgets. They prepare budget proposals, allocate funds to different sectors, monitor expenditures, and ensure financial accountability and transparency.
(v) Human Resource Management: Public servants are responsible for managing the government's workforce. They recruit, hire, train, and evaluate employees, promote merit-based appointments, and develop policies for staff welfare, performance management, and career advancement.
(vi) Public Engagement and Communication: Public servants engage with the public, communicating government policies, programs, and initiatives. They facilitate citizen participation, gather feedback, address concerns, and promote transparency and accountability.
(vii) Diplomacy and International Relations: Public servants represent Nigeria in diplomatic and international affairs. They participate in negotiations, promote trade and economic cooperation, manage consular services, and work towards regional and global partnerships.
(viii) Research and Development: Public servants conduct research and analysis to inform policymaking and improve service delivery. They generate data, evaluate existing programs, identify emerging trends, and propose innovative solutions to address societal challenges.
(ix) Crisis and Disaster Management: Public servants play a vital role in managing crises and disasters. They develop contingency plans, coordinate emergency response efforts, provide relief and support to affected communities, and facilitate recovery and reconstruction.
(x) Monitoring and Evaluation: Public servants monitor and evaluate the performance and impact of government programs and policies. They assess their effectiveness, efficiency, and outcomes, and make recommendations for improvement.
(PICK ANY ONE)
The executive arm of government in Nigeria is one of the three branches of government, alongside the legislative and judicial branches. The executive arm of government in Nigeria plays a crucial role in governance, policy implementation, and the administration of the country. Its primary function is to execute laws, provide effective leadership, and ensure the well-being and progress of the nation and its citizens. It comprises of the Police, Arm Forces and different ministries and parastatals. The President of Nigeria is the head of state and the head of government.
The executive arm of government in Nigeria is one of the three branches of government. It is responsible for implementing and executing laws, policies, and programs that govern the country. The President of Nigeria is the head of the executive branch, and the office is held by the individual elected through a national election. It comprises of the Police, Arm Forces and different ministries and parastatals.
(PICK ANY SIX)
(i) Implementation of Laws: The executive branch is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws passed by the legislature.
(ii) Protection of Civil Liberties: The executive branch is responsible for safeguarding the civil liberties and rights of citizens.
(iii) Executive Leadership: The executive arm provides leadership and direction to the government.
(iv) Checks and Balances: The executive branch acts as a check and balance on other branches of government.
(v) International Relations: The executive arm represents the country in international affairs and diplomatic relations.
(vi) Crisis Management and National Security: The executive branch is responsible for managing crises and ensuring national security.
(vii) Accountability to the Legislature and the People: The executive branch is accountable to the legislature and ultimately to the people.
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