WAEC GCE 2019 - LITERATURE ANSWER
WAEC GCE 2019 - LITERATURE ANSWER
Two symbols or symbolic events took place in the play.
The first one is the appearance of the madman. He is tattered"carrying a heavy bundle of tightly wrapped bits or pieces of junk drooping over his face. This symbolic of the country of jacassa said to be in need of "sanitation" of "evrometa" face. Being a mad country,a country morally debased ,Jacassa required a madman to rule her."Yes! I want to run this country well."Part of the problem of the country is stealing , therefore, "no stealing" after all the madman swears,"I never steal anybody property. I no be thief because I dey satisfy for wetin I get". Even ACP Yakubu understands the symbolism of the madman's appearance, his junk on his head and his suggestion of cleaning out the entire place .Says the ACP:"I think the madman himself symbolizes he country ,which is ridden with madness and lawlessness".
The other symbolism in the play is Aloho's dream. It is nightmare whose head or tail she cannot fathom. In the dream she saw a coffin right in front of her . She could not know whose coffin it was. Suddenly her mother,sisters and brothers "gathered around it and were crying ". In a moment the coffin disappeared and Aloho woke up with sweat all over her face . Ogeyi may or may not have known the significance of her friend's dream but she plays down on it by blaming her for forgetting " to pray before you slept".
Symbolically, the truth is that the coffin is Aloho's and these crying now that one of them would be no more . She herself could not cry because she would be the one to be missed sooner or later
Mama’s plant represents both Mama’s care and her dream for her family. In her first appearance onstage, she moves directly toward the plant to take care of it. She confesses that the plant never gets enough light or water, but she takes pride in how it nevertheless flourishes under her care. Her care for her plant is similar to her care for her children, unconditional and unending despite a less-than-perfect environment for growth. The plant also symbolizes her dream to own a house and, more specifically, to have a garden and a yard. With her plant, she practices her gardening skills. Her success with the plant helps her believe that she would be successful as a gardener. Her persistence and dedication to the plant fosters her hope that her dream may come true. In other words she have struggled to survive under the strain of life in Chicago’s South Side. Mama’s unending devotion to her small houseplant signifies her constant care for her family and her attention to its dreams. “Growing doggedly” in a small pot by the apartment’s kitchen window, Mama’s plant has “spirit,” despite the fact that “this little old plant . In the final moments of the play, Mama picks up her plant and leaves the South Side apartment for the last time, showing that this symbol of perseverance will accompany the family as it faces new challenges in Clybourne Park.
In the poem “Piano and Drums” the poet Gabriel Okara depicts and contrasts two different cultures through symbolism of pianos and drums. The Poem is divided into four stanzas. The first two stanzas represent the “drum” culture and the second two stanzas show the “piano” culture. The description of the drums is in two stanzas, but is one sentence long. The first line of the first stanza:
‘When at break of day at a riverside’
Uses trochees to emphasize the deliberate broken rhythm. The stanza has savage words, “bleeding flesh,” “urgent raw,” “leopard snarling,” “spears poised,” to show that this is a primitive culture, one which has dependency on the environment, as is represented by the “hunters crouch with spears poised.” The environment in this culture is physically dangerous, surrounded by wild animals. Drums here are a way of communication, and “jungle drums telegraphing the mystic rhythm, urgent, raw…” shows the way of life in this culture. This is life which is simple, near the beginnings of man. The stanza … … middle of paper …
…with one another, with Drums illustrating primitive behaviour, and a savage, dangerous culture. The connotations of the piano are complex and technical. The piano uses significantly different word sounds, showing that it is learnt, westernized and intricate compared to the drums which is instinctive and naturally acquired, and simple.
The poem uses no set rhyme pattern which suits the poem as it has an undecided effect, emphasizing the confusion of the persona over his future.
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