WAEC 2021 - LITERATURE ANSWER
LITERATURE PAPER III
Yoko is portrayed as a beautiful, ambitious, and courageous woman who joins an all-male secret society (the feared Poro society) and consequently loses her right to motherhood, though not to her sexuality. She knows not everyone is happy that she is the chief of Kpa-Mende, especially her brother Lamboi. Ruler of Mende Chiefdom who is described to have a brain made from music. She wants to inherit the chiefdom of Senehun after her husband and she played the politics of succession well.Because it is war time, her husband prefers Ndapi his chief warrior. She is greedy and insolent
In becoming a male-female, Yoko is much feared by her male contemporaries, envied by women in her constituency, and doubly pliable in the hands of the British rulers. The Governor describes her as a shining example not only of African feminine pulchritude but of one who blends grace, magnanimity, bravery, audacity, tranquillity, and majesty. She feels so disgraced by the Governor's boundary demarcations to reduce her territorial control in spite of her years of loyalty to him.
In history, Yoko is seen by many of her subjects as a usurper and a friend of the colonial administration; she remained controversial throughout her reign until her death in 1906. In the play, this controversy is packaged as a defiance of the cultural norm that women should not dare rule during war times.Because of her loyalty to her husband and her desire to lead, being somebody else's wife after her husband does not appeal to her. Her insistence at having control of her space and fighting a culture set-up that has no consideration for women as rulers, she has to be tough and insolent to push her agenda through.
Being a visionary who willingly gives up the privilege of childbearing for the leading chieftaincy title in all of Kpa-Mende, she is willing to disprove the myth of female inferiority. Kargbo has done a tremendous job of portraying Yoko as an impressive ruler of heroic proportions. Indeed, the historic Yoko was nothing short of the heroic present Yoko as a complex figure whose feminine comportment, sensuality, and beauty promoted her among women, but whose fearless soul and unrestrained ambition made her to competent and visionary leader among her males counters. It is a painful realization for Yoko that all this while she was being used and now she is being humiliated.
Jimmy Porter, a twenty five year old man who lives in Britain's industrial Midlands. Jimmy Porter is an educated young man in post world war II, England. He is a relentless critic of everything around him, acerbic and harmful, sometimes playful and vulgar. His wife, Alison, is his primary target though his good friend Cliff is also subject to Jimmy's invective. While Cliff Lewis is used an old friend of Jimmy Porter's, and he frequently endures his friend's malicious wrath. He shares a similar background to Jimmy as well as his disillusionment with modern England. But, while he often agrees with Jimmy, he also sets himself apart from his friend with his laid back genuine character and more hopeful view of life.
Cliff is particularly fond of Alison Porter and often serves as a protector or buffer between her and Jimmy. Cliff and Alison are remarkably affectionate toward each other, to Jimmy's amusement and annoyance. Cliff helps Jimmy with the sweet-stall. He spends much of his leisure time in the porters house even though he apparently has a room of his own in the same building.
Cliff Lewis is from the working class like his friend Jimmy. A gentle person, he does not have Jimmy's fire or his wit but he also lacks his cruelty. He shows his appreciation for Alison's house keeping efforts and he tries to defend her from Jimmy's verbal abuse. It is he, not Jimmy who bandaged Alison's arm after she burns it. Of all the charcoal in the play, Cliff seems to understand best what other people are feeling. Even when helena thought that she hates Jimmy, Cliff guesses that she really desires him and he alone sees through her attempts to break up the marriage.
For Jimmy, while he is capable of occasional tenderness and sensitivity, Jimmy makes life difficult and antagonistic for everyone around him. Jimmy works in a factory tends a sweet stall he is trying to buy and issues diatribes about British society which he feels has denied him opportunity simply because of working class background.
Many of figures of speech are explored in the poem Binsey Poplars felled of which are:
(a) Alliteration - This is the repetition of the same consonant sound on the same line. The
following alliterates in the poem:
(i) '....leaves....leaping....' /L/
(ii) '....fresh....following folded....' /f/
(iii)'....swam... sank' /s/
(iv) '....wind - wandering weed.. winding....'
(v) '....when we' /w/
(vi) '....growing green' /g/
(vii) 'since ...so' /s/
(viii) 'To touch ...so slender' /s/
(ix) 'where we' /w/
(x) 'when we' /w/
(xi) '...comers cannot ..beauty been' /k/ and /b/
(xii) '....ten....twelve' /t/
(xiii)'....sweet...scene' /s/ lines 23 and 24.
(b) Assonance: This is the repetition of the same vowel sound in a line of a poem. The following Assonate:
(i) 'Quelled ...quenched' /e/
(ii) '....dandled....sandlled' /æ/
(iii) '....knew....do' /u:/
(iv) '....we delve....' /e/
(v) 'Hack rack.... /æ/
(vi) '....sleek....seeing....' /i:/
(vii) '....prick will....' /i/
(viii) '....we....even....mean' /i:/
(ix) '....mend....end' /e/
(x) 'when ...delve' /e/
(xi) 'ten ...twelve' /e/
(xii) '...sweet ...scene' /i:/
(c) Repetition: This is the casual re-writing or calling of the same word word for emphasis. The following are repeated for emphasis -
(i) 'quelled' lines(1 and 2)
(ii) 'felled' line/3/
(iii) 'not' line/5/
(iv) 'we' line/9/
(v) 'so' lines/2/13
(vi) 'where we(line 6)
(vii) 'when we' lines(10 and 18)
(viii) 'Ten or twelve' (line 20)
(Answer one question from each section)
Adah's growth in confidence and determination in pursuit of dreams all begun like a dream which originated from nowhere, yet one was always aware of its existence. This according to the novel later became a 'presence'.
At the time of her birth, Adah's birth is not all that welcomed because people are predicting a boy, but it turned out to be a girl. Probably at the age of eight, Adah can point out that her parents should have given birth to her because they don't want her to pursue her dream because she is a female child.
The ibo some then believe that a female child only needs to attend school for two years at most so that she will be able to read or write. Hence, Adah's younger brother Boy started school at the posh Ladi-Lak Institute ahead of her . Hence, Adah would stand at the gate of the school to watch other pupil march pass out of jealousy.
Adah knows quite well that her mother (Ma) is the chief course of her not going to school. Never the less an opportunity sprang up one after as her mother was engrossed in the conversation she was having with one of her innumerable friends. Ada who has helped her mother out with the domestic chores sneaked out and headed for the methodist school.
Luckily, she did not meet any of their neighbours as she run on to school. She caused much short laughter in the class manned by Mr. Cole because of her behaviour and outfit. Me Cole later controlled the situation made her sit down and bought her .
'Bori; When Adah got home she meet a hullabalo. Ma has been arrested and taken to Sabo Police station where she was forced to drink a bowl of garri. She was later advised to send the scary Adah to school .
Adah's second set back was papa's death. But her dream still work on because of her confidence and determination. Again the fact that the longer she stays in school the bigger her dowry saw her through . So, Ada who live with her mother's elder brother as a servant stole two sibling she was given to buy a pound of steak.This made her cousin cain Ada with koboko' until the latter became unfeeling to it . Hence, Adah not only register to her entrance examination into the Methodist Girls - a boarding school.
Later, when Adah got married to Francis Obi and worked in the American Consulate, she worked on Francis and his parents and finally found herself in the United Kingdom where she intended to do further studies on Librarianship.
In conclusion, Adah's growth in confidence and determination helped her in the pursuit of her dream.
Adah’s story begins when she is about eight years old, when she develops a dream to go to the United Kingdom. (Though she does not know her exact age, she does know that she “fe[els] eight” and was born during World War II.) As a Nigerian girl, however, she must overcome limitations placed upon her gender. She fights to be sent to school, as education is seen as unnecessary for girls. Adah takes it upon herself to go to school one day; thereafter, she is allowed to attend school with her younger brother, Boy, at an expensive private institution. In other words She is permitted to continue to pursue an education so that her family can charge a higher “bride-price.” Adah wins a scholarship for high school that includes room and board, so she moves out of her uncle’s house. Soon, though she wishes to continue studying. She decides she will have to marry. Her mother and others in the community have been encouraging Adah to consider suitors for some time already, but Adah did not want to marry a much older man. She ultimately marries Francis Obi, a young man who is studying accounting and cannot afford her bride-price. Adah lives with Francis and his parents, with whom she gets along well. She starts a good job at the American Consulate but is dismayed to discover that she will be the only one working to support the family. She quickly becomes pregnant with her first two children: a daughter, Titi, and a son, Vicky. While Adah is pregnant for the second time, a plan is conceived for Francis to study in England; Adah has shared her dream with Francis and he finally agrees that they can pursue it.
The text, Invisible Man depicts the charismatic & domineering personality of a nameless narrator dated back to the twentieth centuries in the united states where his reality is surreal & he can only survived through pretense
In the text, Mary is a motherly figure for the narrator, a caring mother who provide food & shelter for the narrator in times of need even the narrator feels indebted to Mary despite finding her bothersome from time to time
In the text, Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man uses Mary to convey his literary taxonomy through his beautifully penned illustrations as Mary serves as one friend who the narrator entrusted his confidence in. She is a break from society as she allows him to rest and gather his strength until he can get back up on his own feet. She is like a mother to him
Invisible Man depicts Mary as a kind & motherly woman who sees plenty of potentials for the narrator to contribute to racial progress, and her flaw is that she talks to much according to the narrator. She takes the narrator in after his disastrous stint as a lab experiment and never ask questions about rent.
Mary however can be seen as an illuminator to the narrator in the story. She also has high ideals telling the narrator that whatever he does, should be a "credit to the race"
What Ralph Ellison's texts is trying to convey to the read is that Mary represents both mother and spiritual guide for the narrator. Here, she prepares the narrator for his entry into the segregated society, a society that sees a man being invisible becos of his personality: his essence in same society and the need to reclaim his invisibility back then in the united states
In the story, Mary portrays the character of a strong woman and independent who feels the narrator needs to do something to discover his innate abilities & identity in that societal decadence.
In the final analysis, one can inferred that Mary is a survivor who represents the courage and dignity of the black woman. Although she is not based on any specific historical character, she is a woman in the tradition of Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, or Mary McCloud Bethune.
(NUMBER 5 VERSON II)
Mary Rambo is both Mary, the saintly mother of Jesus, and Aunt Jemima, the female version of Sambo. Mary is a strong black woman who has learned to survive the violence and corruption of the city by relying on her inner resources. A Southern woman who now lives in the North, Mary provides the narrator's only source of love and comfort.
After his harrowing experience at the Liberty Paint Factory Hospital, the narrator is grateful for Mary's kindness and generosity. Seeing him simply as a fellow human being who needs help, Mary takes him into her home, cooks for him, and nurses him back to health. When he can't pay his rent, she tells him not to worry. Seeing how depressed he is about his situation, Mary encourages him and reassures him that he will make something of himself and be "a credit to his race." She does everything she can to demonstrate her faith in him and, in effect, adopts him as her surrogate son. During this time, the narrator sees Mary as the saintly mother figure, referring to her as his anchor and guide, and appreciating her support and generosity.
But after he meets Brother Jack and begins to work for the Brotherhood, he sees Mary through different eyes. She becomes a source of shame and embarrassment for him, prompting him to try to shatter her image, as symbolized by his futile attempt to discard the cast-iron bank. The bank, like Mary, represents a part of his heritage he wants to forget. Although he initially appreciates her cooking, he now complains of his steady diet of cabbage.
At first he sees her home as a sanctuary and source of solace and comfort, but later he notices the noise, poverty, and filth surrounding her, as indicated by the banging on the pipes, the smell of cabbage, and the invasion of roaches. He finally leaves Mary without even saying goodbye, confident that she will survive, having undoubtedly gone through similar experiences with other black men.
In a nutshell, Mary is a survivor who represents the courage and dignity of the black woman.